ADULT HEALTH PROTOCOL
This will be short and sweet. I only give my adult goats their annual CD & T vaccinations at 1 year intervals and a dose of Copasure ( 4 grams) every 6 months.
I only worm my goats if they have symptoms ....rough and dull coat, unthrifty, and weight loss. Always check to make sure the dewormer is safe for the goat . Some are unsafe for pregnant does. Never under dose! This leads to parasite resistance. Deworming is best done under a veterinarian's advice and after getting a fecal test done.
When it comes to my goats health, I am a minimalist. Because I am trying to raise goats that are hardy and require less intervention by humans, I don't tend to run to my medicine chest every time a goat has the sniffles or runny eyes. On this page I'm going to include general goat health information, diseases that I've dealt with including symptoms, medications and finally my medication protocol.
This page will always be a work in progress. As I learn, I will share.
I am not a vet. I am only sharing information that I use for my own herd and treatments that have worked for me. I urge anyone who is having a health or nutritional issue with their goats to contact a veterinarian as soon as possible.
HEALTH PROTOCOL FOR NEWBORNS - WEANLINGS ( 3 months)
After the doe and kids have had some time to get acquainted (usually around 5-10 minutes ) , I will either dip or spray the umbilical cord with Triodine-7. If the kids have already nursed for the first time, I will also give them 2cc's of Bar-guard 99 or Bovine Ecolizer.
1 MONTH OLDS
At 1 month, I usually put the kids ear tags in and give them their first vaccination of CD & T ( 2cc's on the left hand side of their body)
2 MONTH OLDS
At 2 months, I will give the kids their second vaccination of CD & T ( 2cc's on the right hand side of their body).
I also give them their first dose of Copasure ( 2 grams ) by using the bolus gun. I will sometimes worm my kids if I see indications that they need it.
This is my normal protocol, but sometimes life gets in the way and it is delayed. On average, all of my kids have received their vaccinations and copper no later than weaning age of 3 months.
NORMAL GOAT STATISTICS
Body Temperature: 102.5 - 103.5 degrees F. (Body temperature can vary due to outside air temperature and activity)
Pulse / Heart Rate: 60 - 80 beats per minute
Respiration Rate: 15 - 30 breaths per minute
Puberty: 4 - 12 months
Heat Cycle: 18 - 23 days
Length of Heat: 12 - 36 hours
Gestation: 145 - 155 days ( on average most doe's will kid at 150 days )
DIAGNOSING YOUR GOAT
I have had so many people contact me asking for help with their goats. Before you can help your goat, you need to know a few things.
1. What is the goat's temperature?
A fever is anything over 103.5 degrees F. If your goat has a fever, it could be an indication that it has an infection. Fever's in their own right are not bad just like in humans. But high fever's or consistent fever's are something to be concerned about. It your goat has a fever, try to figure out what is causing it. If there are no outward indications like an injury, then you can treat with Penicillin at a rate of 1cc per 100lbs IM or orally once a day.
Low temperature is anything under 100 degrees F. Low temperature is more concerning to me than a fever. You are on a very tight time line if your goats temperature is dropping under normal. A kid goat is pretty easy to warm up and will be discussed later on, but an adult goat is an emergency! If your adult goat has a low temperature, I would urge you to call the vet immediately.
2. Is the goat eating/drinking ?
Animals tend to "go off feed" when they are sick. After checking your goats temperature, offer it some food if not already available. Is it eating with the same gusto as normal? Have you seen it drink recently? You don't want it to become dehydrated so it is very important that you know the answers to these questions. If it isn't interested in it's normal hay or grain, offer it some leaves (make sure they are safe for goats to eat. Mulberry's are one of the best). If possible, pen the goat up alone with a smaller bucket of water and a small amount of leaves. Sit and watch if possible. If your not able to sit quietly and watch, then you should still be able to tell how much the goat ate and drank if at all. You will also be able to see the next valuable clue which is the poop.
3. How is the goat's poop?
First let me say that goats will have different bowel movements just like a human. A normal goat poop will be a pellet, however they can also have clumpy, loose, cow patty, and even diarrhea. I will discuss goat poop and what it could mean a little later on. But for now, you are looking to see if the goat is pooping and peeing, and how the poop looks. Pay attention to color and consistency. The color will tell you a lot about what is going on inside of your goat. It is an emergency if your goat isn't pooping or peeing at all. It can also be an emergency if your goat has watery diarrhea or scours. If it has scours, you can treat with Scour Halt at a rate of 1 pump orally for kids / 2 pumps orally for adults once a day. Usually the scours will stop within hours or by the next day. If it doesn't, you will need to contact a vet immediately.
4. How is the goat acting?
One of the most important things I can tell people is to spend time watching their goats. By this I mean quietly, without interacting with them. Sit outside the fence. Hide if you have to. You want to watch them interact with the other goats in the herd and see their natural behavior. Once you have done this you will know what is normal and what is abnormal behavior for that goat. You want to be able to see at a glance and a distance that something is wrong. It could be the difference between life and death.
If your goat is acting normal with the rest of the goats, then you probably have some time to work. If your goat is staying away from the herd, laying down most of the time, then you might have an emergency on your hands.
1. Goat has a low body temperature.
2. Goat is not eating or drinking.
3. Goat is not pooping or peeing. OR goat has had scours for more than 2 days.
4. Goat is down and not moving around or interacting with the herd.
Non Emergency starts at #4 and goes up.
My Medicine Chest
Ammonium Chloride Used for the treatment of Urinary Calculi
Bar Guard 99 or Bovine Ecolizer Used to prevent E-coli in newborns
B1 Tablets ( 250mg )
High Level Vitamin B Complex
Baby Aspirin ( 81mg )
CD & T
Copasure Copper Supplement
Gel Capsules I use these to make my Copper Boluses
Jump Start Plus
Apple Cider Vinegar Used for the treatment of Urinary Calculi
Scour Halt Used to treat scours
Triodine -7 Used to treat umbilical cords, ring worm, and injuries
Ivermectin Injectable Wormer
Ivermectin Pour - On Used for Lice control
Safe Guard Wormer
Needles - 22 ga. x 3/4", 20 ga. x 1", 18 ga. x 1"
10" Scalpels Used for opening abscesses
Metal Bolus Gun Used for giving copper boluses
Kid Puller Used to help pull stuck kids
Banders - small and large Used to castrate male goats
Penicillin Used for infections/fevers & eye issues
Terramycin Used for infections
Vet Rx Used for runny noses and congestion